#6

  1. Are children sexual beings?
  2. How do you see institutions respond to the sexual education of children?
  3. Does deviance apply to children?
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14 thoughts on “#6

  1. 2. How do you see institutions respond to the sexual education of children?

    Sexual education is crucial to the upbringing of growing adolescents. When discussing sexual topics, some discomfort may arise, but that’s the whole point of such conversation. “The Talk” is meant to make the child aware of the options they have, and how to handle such situations as best as possible. Now, if we take a look at how institutions deal with sexual education, there is clearly a trend amongst all— discomfort and placement. In the clinical report titled “Sexual Eduction for Children and Adolescents,” the American Academy of Pediatrics “provide pediatricians with an update on the research regarding evidence-based sexual and reproductive health education.” Throughout the report, they focus on three different institutions that are known to provide some type of sexual education: health care, schools, and the household. The piece openly states that pediatrics should have a more involved role within the realm of sexual education, but would children and adolescents actually take what their doctor says seriously? Or will they just simply giggle at the words ‘penis’ or ‘vagina’? Although this method takes a little pressure off schools and guardians, children might not think twice about what their doctor claims, and it may not be the right place to discuss personal topics like sex, with such young individuals that will probably treat the situation as a joke. On the other hand, schools have a huge role to fulfill with children, and the institution is striving to do just that. They are developing personalized programs that will “promote evidence-informed comprehensive school-based sexuality education appropriate to students’ age, developmental abilities, and cultural background as an important part of the school curriculum at every grade.” This structure will solidify a proper sexual education for adolescents. As an institution, they must address While there could be some discomfort amongst students, teaching medically accurate sexual guidance in schools will create a better overall environment for all parties. The Future of Sex Education encourages for all teachers to make themselves more aware and knowledgable of sexual education because this will lead to an increase of comfort and commitment towards the discussion of human sexuality. Ultimately, they will “know how to conduct themselves appropriately with students as professionals both inside and outside of the classroom and school.” Now, if we switch gears to sexual education within the household, a shift in responsibility becomes apparent. Parents and caregivers are seen as the primary sexuality educators, but can the level of discomfort strain the education their child receives overall? It seems as though guardians cannot be given all of the responsibility, even though they are seen as their primary educators due to the lack of preparation for the guardians themselves. The clinical report suggests that ” by increasing parents’ skills and facilitating opportunities for communication through take-home activities, the program [“Talking Parents, Healthy Teens] also aims to affect the parent-adolescent relationship, further influencing adolescent behavior change.” This process will take a lot of training and patience that parents and caregivers may not care to be part of, although it is their place to address the well-being of their child, leaving the responsibility to health care providers and schools once again. Essentially, institutions are responding to the sexual education of children very well, and they are striving to give adolescents the proper education to lend them the opportunity to make informed, safe decisions about healthy relationships, responsible sexual activity, and their reproductive health.

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  2. 1. Are children sexual beings?

    Sexuality has been the focal point of people’s discussions in order to point out whether children are sexual beings or not. There are different developmental periods leading up to adulthood in the lives of men and women, alike. Childhood is most commonly referred to as the stage of innocence in which children are considered to be naive and guileless. At this point in their lives, children are aware of the genitalia on their bodies but that does not necessarily mean that they are sexual beings or that they are sexually active (Starr, 2011). Human sexuality is an “expression of sexual sensation and related intimacy…[involving] the body, mind, and spirit…” (New World Encyclopedia contributors). By this, the author(s) mean(s) that indulging in one’s sexuality requires one to mindful of the correlations between the body, the mind as well as the spirit. Children do not have knowledge of the capabilities of their bodies or the direct interactions between the mind and the body; these concepts exceed their levels of reasoning and comprehension. The Childhood Development Institute regards childhood to be between the ages of three and twelve while adolescence is between the ages of thirteen and eighteen (Clearinghouse, 1998). Through this distinction by age, one can infer that boys and girls who fall under the criteria of childhood are too absorbed in their playfulness and childlike behaviors to develop any kind of sexual awakening. Adolescents, however, are much more aware of their sexualities due to influences “…by ethnic, racial, cultural, personal, religious, and moral concerns” (Breuner & Mattson, e2). It is undeniable that children learn by observing their surroundings to approve of all that has been taught to them but adolescents begin to utilize surrounding influences in order to develop their own thoughts and reasoning regarding new concepts.
    From an Islamic perspective, “[c]hildren are believed to remain sinless until puberty since they have not yet reached the age of reason; but with the onset of puberty, ‘sin begins to accumulate’ (Delaney 1988, 80)” (Tabatabaie, 278). By this, the author indicates that adolescents become sexually capable after puberty and begin to piece together the connections between the body and the mind in order to gain knowledge about their own sexuality while children are more innocent and unaware of such notions. At this point, it is compulsory for “adolescents…to receive accurate education about sexuality to understand ultimately how to practice healthy sexual behavior” (Breuner & Mattson, e2). Tabatabaie mentions in her article, “Childhood and adolescent sexuality, Islam, and problematics of sex education: a call for re-examination,” that many Muslim parents keep their children in the dark regarding sexuality due to “cultural sexual taboos that, although contradicting Islamic teachings, are strongly overlaid onto local understandings of Islam” (277). This implies that parents try to keep their children away from the ideas of sexuality due to their awareness of it; as children transition into adolescents, their sexuality is heightened thus, causing parents to be extra cautious.
    In other words, children are not sexual beings unlike adolescents, who are influenced by their surroundings and environmental factors to think in a sexual way.

    —-
    Clearinghouse, Eric. “Teen Drama? Get Through The Adolescent Stage Together!” Child Development Institute. N.p., 10 Sept. 2011. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. .

    New World Encyclopedia contributors, “Human sexuality,” New World Encyclopedia,

    Starr, Penny. “HHS: Children Are ‘Sexual Beings'” CNS News. N.p., 23 Aug. 2011. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. .

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  3. 1. Are children sexual beings?

    When thinking of children ideas of innocence, joy, and precious are just some thoughts that we may have. Children being sexualized happens extensively throughout the world and should not be considered normative as it is becoming. They have not even developed enough to be considered knowledge about the world let alone sexuality. Alireza Tabtabai said it best when she wrote, “According to ILTs, maturity is established only when a person has acquired complete capacity (ahliyyah al-ada’ kamilah) – ‘a defect-free intellectual and mental maturity with which the person can attain a reliable standard in transactional matters’. Upon reaching this status, young people are considered ‘mature’ (rashid), capable of facing risks and accordingly making reasonable decisions; they are subject to all the rights, duties and responsibilities of adults, including criminal responsibility, the right to dispose of and possess property as well as the right to make decisions regarding their marriage.” This idea of maturity shows that children cannot be sexual beings because they do not have the ability to be from a physiological and psychological standpoint. There is no specific age from when a child can be sexualized, it all depends on the individual and when they are able to attain the status of mature that Tabtabai talks about. That is when they are at a point in their lives when they are becoming sexual beings.

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  4. 1. Are children sexual beings?

    Because children are a part of our society, and our society is a sexual one, I think it is very important for us to view children as sexual beings, enabling us to provide them with age-appropriate education about things pertaining to sex, such as gender identity, body image and interpersonal relationships. In other words, children become sexual beings the moment they are born when we assign to them a sex/gender. So, in a society where this is the case, it should also be our responsibility to educate children about sex. Our report from the American Academy of Pediatrics states that “Sexuality education is more than the instruction of children and adolescents on anatomy and the physiology of biological sex and reproduction. It covers healthy sexual development, gender identity, interpersonal relationships, affection, sexual development, intimacy, and body image for all adolescents, including adolescents with disabilities, chronic health conditions, and other special needs” (2). The American Academy of Pediatrics seems to agree that being a ‘sexual being’ encompasses way more than just physical sexual activity. Issues such as gender identity and body image are things that children also deal with, so in this light, it is fair for us to consider children as sexual beings, or as beings that deal with issues pertaining to sex. Just because children may not possess the mental capacity to think super critically about the way they are sexualized, does not mean that they are not sexualized. Therefore, early instruction is important and can be a foundation for critical thinking in the future, but this can’t happen unless we first acknowledge that children are, in fact, sexualized beings who deserve some sort of sex education. Children may be naïve to the ways of the world in a certain sense, but the ways of the world still affect them. For us to think any differently would make us the naïve ones.

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  5. Sexual education has always been the critical topic to discuss among the adolescents. The reason for it is that there’s always some discomfort that might occur when discussing it. In the clinical report, “Sexual Education for Children and Adolescents,” the report focuses on three different institutions that are known to provide sexual education: Health Care Providers (Pediatricians), Schools and the Household (parents). The article starts off by stating that “Pediatricians are in an excellent position to provide and support longitudinal sexuality education to all children, adolescents, and young adults with and without chronic health conditions and disabilities as part of preventive health care” (Breuner 2). This basically means that the AAP suggests that Pediatricians should engage more in a discussion about the sexual education with the adolescents as Pediatricians can be more open to the private talks, and discuss any questions the adolescents would have which they can’t really ask the teachers nor their parents. Moving on to schools, according to the report, “The Future of Sex Education promote evidence-informed comprehensive school-based sexuality education appropriate to students’ age, developmental abilities, cultural background as an important part of the school curriculum at every grade” (Breuner 4). The report also talks about the FoSE enforces the teachers training especially in sexual education, which will aware the teachers about sexuality and help teachers better understand the students and show comfort towards the disclosure and discussion of human sexuality. Lastly, parents can play a significant role as their children’s primary sexuality educators (Breuner 5). However, due to the lack of knowledge, skills or comfort; the parents shouldn’t be/aren’t the only source of sexual education. Though, there has been a program called, “Talking Parents, Healthy Teens,” which basically helps the parents better understand their communication, influence their skills, and involvement. Even though, this might take some time; this will help the parents be more involved in their children’s lives. With all that being said, the institutions are doing everything they can to give the adolescents the proper education about being “playing safe”, healthy relationships and responsible sexual activities.

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  6. #2 How do you see institutions respond to sexual education of children?

    Institutions respond to sexual education for children as a fundamental tool and beneficial for adolescents to be educated in school-based programs learning about sexual education in the classroom, which varies a great deal of the importance of formal education in sexual health. The FoSE (The Future of Sexual Education), helps endorse knowledgeable comprehensive school based sexual education based on a student’s age, development abilities and cultural background, as the essential importance to the school’s curriculum for all grades. The encouragement of comprehensive sexual program in sexual education courses, benefits the child as it varies an enormous distribution; improving the child’s academic performance in school. The comprehensive sexual program also wants to enforce medical accuracy of information that distinguishes the diversity of standards and views represented in the community plus, acknowledges and strengthens how children obtain information about sexual education from their families, health care professionals or community groups. In the article “Sexual Education for Children and Adolescents” states the comprehensive sexuality goal is, “Using an evidence based curriculum and reducing sociodemographic disparities in its receipt” (Breuner and Mattson, 4). If sexual education is taught in schools it is important that the information must be medically, factually, or technically accurate. The FoSE also came out with the National Teacher Preparation Standards for Sexuality Education which provides the information needed to help teachers prepare for the future. The training benefits teachers as it helps them to learn behavior theories and providing age appropriate lesson plans, and learn how to choose or adapt to evidence based that will be a precisely accurate curriculum in sexual education courses within the school district. “Understanding guideline for discussion of sensitive subjects in the classroom and addressing confidentiality, and know how to address disclosure by students of sexual abuse, incest, dating violence, pregnancy, and other associated sexual health issues” (Breuner and Mattson, 5). It is important for teachers to be comfortable discussing and dealing with problematic issues that are effecting children or adolescences life’s involving their diverse backgrounds, personal beliefs, or even their personal issues. It is also important for teachers to acquire skills to help create a safe and respectful environment in the classroom for each child. Institutions, such as the FoSE want to endorse a comprehensive sexual programs to majority of school districts to get accurate information to help give children the best of knowledge about sexual educations, as it can benefit them in preventing pregnancy or health risk diseases.

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  7. Does deviance apply to children?

    When you define deviance, it’s the fact or state of departing from usual or accepted standards, especially in social or sexual behavior. It is possible for a child to depart from “usual or accepted” social standards, whether it’s by a boy joining the cheerleading squad or a girl playing hockey. These are not the usual activities that society would picture a boy or a girl to be involved in, which shows deviance in gender roles for the sport that is typically played by a boy or girl. Deviance can apply to children and sometimes, it isn’t until they become an adolescent that deviance in sexual behavior starts to play a role in their lives. Some children have their first informative talk about sex in school. At that time, they are telling you to practice abstinence to prevent pregnancy and contractions of STIs or STDs. As children age, they are influenced by the people constantly around them, like family or best friends, and as they turn into an adolescent, they discover themselves as a person. This coincides with deviance because this is the stage in a child’s life where they develop traits that makes them unique, its either “be different” or just “fit in”, which can cause them to deviate from the normality’s society forms on children and adolescents.
    When understanding “deviance” you have to understand one thing that was mentioned in the article “Childhood and adolescent sexuality”, which stated “young people are autonomous subjects with the right to be informed in order to make educated decisions about sex”. When it comes to children being deviant in this young generation, they can have a different preference when it comes to sex. Their parents might not agree to with the idea, but the child is an individual that will soon have to make their own personal choices. Therefore, there should be some assurance that sex education is happening in school for all students and touching all topics so that students that are seen as deviant don’t feel deviant, since what they prefer sexually, such as sex between two men or two women, isn’t taught as an accepted sexual behavior.

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  8. How do you see institutions respond to the sexual education of children?

    Sexual education is a very important topic that has been widely considered something adults would research and study. However with the modern world kids being on social media , tv and internet this subject has moved into classrooms, homes and early adolescent life. “Children” in our days, involved in relationships, become sexually active at a higher rate , younger age and with more partners. Thus, American Academy of Pediatrics, dedicated to the health of all children ,made a clinical report which provides guidance on how to create and help “to prevent and reduce the risks of adolescent pregnancy, HIV, and sexually transmitted infections for children and adolescents with and without chronic health conditions and disabilities in the United States”. From this article we can learn that doctors who manage the health of children can become “counselors” and in a way teachers to the young crowd as well as their parents : “pediatricians are in excellent position to provide and support longitudinal sexuality education to all children, adolescents, and young adults with and without chronic health conditions and disabilities as part of preventive health care”. Further more : “Pediatricians can introduce issues of physical, cognitive, and psychosexual development to parents and their children in early childhood and continue discussions at ongoing health maintenance visits throughout school age, adolescents and young adult hood”. Parents and school teacher as well as caregivers : “can have an important role as their children’s primary sexuality educators.” There are a various programs like “ Talking Parents, Healthy Teens” that provide information and educate parents on how to interact “influence” and attain skills like “communication, monitoring and involvement” to better attain to their kids problems and life issues.
    More over in the second article :”Childhood and adolescent sexuality, Islam, and problematics of sex education: a call for re-examination” we can read how sex education is implemented in schools throughout Britain “it is ‘sex and relationship education’ (SRE) in England and Wales, ‘relationships and sexuality education’ (RSE) in Northern Ireland, and ‘sex education’ in Scotland , but has different groundwork and “levels” : “state funded schools are only legally required to teach the elements of sex education that are in the National Science Curriculum, including anatomy, puberty, the biological aspects of reproduction and the spread of infections and viruses”.
    To sum it up, modern society is more proficient in the fields of science, technology, communication and teachings expertise ,so sex education at schools ,homes and doctor offices is becoming a focal point for children to improve their knowledge, understanding about the circumstances surrounding sex life.

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  9. Are children sexual beings?

    All animals are sexual beings, it’s how nature works. Humans being nothing more than animals that learned how to walk and talk are not excluded from this fact of biology. That said even nature has way of preventing sexually mature adults from mating with sexually immature “children”. My first reaction to this question was just to type the work NO and end it there; however the more I thought about it, and animals, and my daughter the more I realized the answer isn’t that cut and dry. Children as innocent as they often get caught “playing doctor” or “i’ll show you mine if you show me yours” This innocent play is just a part of growing up, curiosity and that’s not a terrible thing. Things change when adults play those games with children. I also have a problem with kid beauty pageants where little girls are dressed up and paraded around, it seems like a pedophiles dream. So yes, us animals are all sexual beings, it’s when children are overly sexualized things change and problems arise.

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  10. 1. Are children sexual beings?

    In today society we do have to view children as being sexual beings, there are two reasons they are. The first is being that they are surrounded by and raised with technology. Where they know how to use your tablet, smartphones, etc., which everything can be easily accessible when it is connected to the internet. They can view everything that is going on in the world and follow some of the big celebrates out there. Where everything you see is sexual and then children start acting the same way as they see others who they look up to. Another reason is that today children are going through puberty earlier than previous generations. Which when you combined this with my first reason it just amplifies it even more.

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  11. Are children sexual beings?

    According to Alireza Tabatabaie, “based on ILTs, childhood is a stage of life in which individuals are recognized as
    being physically and intellectually ‘immature’. They are viewed as vulnerable and dependent beings who need adults’ special safeguard and care.” According to the author, children can’t be classified as sexual beings due to their immaturity and innocence. In order to be a sexual being, children would have to be able to distinguish in a psychological manner which at such a young age, they are incapable of. Because children don’t have the proper intellectuality on sexuality or anything in general, they cannot be classified as such. Although, it can be said that there is no specific age in which children reach puberty or mature up, it usually depends on each specific child and when they reach a level of understanding. However, although I believe that children are unable to be sexual beings at a young age, does not mean that they are not sexualized by others. Children themselves don’t have it in them to tell the difference between right or wrong, they need guidance and with time need to be taught about sexuality.

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  12. Jonathan Espinoza
    10/31/16
    Ms. Daniels
    Politics of Sexuality
    How do you see institutions respond to the sexual education of children?

    Sexual education is one of the most important topics that children of this generation as well as the future one need to know. Being educated about sex is essential for kids to know at the ages between 12 and 15 because this is the age in which most teenage boys and girls start discovering changes to their physical state as well as in their hormones. The job that institutions need to do is to educate children on the consequences and risks they take when they engage in such sexual activities as well as ways on how to protect themselves from diseases and even pregnancy. Institutions in this country such as public schools are doing an exceptional job in teaching young children how to be cautious about engaging in sexual activities.

    Educational districts are doing the best that they can in teaching children how to have healthy relationships, how to say no to sex, and making sure that they are protected against HIV and other sex related diseases. In the article, “Sexuality Education for Children and Adolescents,” the authors mentioned, “A comprehensive sexuality program provides medically accurate information, recognizes the diversity of values and beliefs represented in the community, and complements and augments the sexuality education children receive from their families, religious and community groups, and health care professionals”(Breuner,Mattson 4). The authors are attempting to explain to parents and children that a well-structured education program is extremely important towards the understanding of young teenagers and the benefits and knowledge they would obtain by being enrolled in such programs. Children need to grasp the excellent sexual education that their schools put forth because it can be the difference between being well protected against AIDs/STDs or suffering the consequences of these deadly diseases. In the article the authors also say, “Teacher training in the United States is quite variable from district to district and school to school especially in sexuality education” (Breuner, Mattson 5). This should be one of the only small things that should change because all the schools in sexual education programs should have the same curriculum because it is the most important topic that a young teenager should learn and put forth in case of an emergency.

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  13. 1. Are children sexual beings?

    Sexuality and children in the same sentence already causes unsettling thoughts in a society where children are akin to innocence.This innocence lies within the pre-pubescent form children possess, biologically and mentally. Sexual beings are people who are capable of making physical and mental contact and attractions with others. It is fair to say that children might have tendencies of having a ‘crush’ and be curious of their body parts, but sexuality reaches further than just the body. In Sexuality Education for Children and Adolescents, it explains how sex ed is more than just the biological aspects of sex, but “It covers healthy sexual development, gender identity, interpersonal relationships, affection, sexual development, intimacy, and body image for all adolescents” and the key word here is adolescents. Children, who are humans before puberty, lack the hormones and mental maturity that attribute to these characteristics within sexuality because their awareness of their bodies is still not fully developed. This is why pedophylia is a substantial mental disease and crime because sexual relations with any child affects how they perceive themselves entirely. Therefore, children are not sexual beings because their sexuality is undiscovered in a physical and mental sense.

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  14. Does Deviance apply to children?

    The term deviant is used exclusively to describe what we consider abnormal behavior because there is no stigma attached to being exceptionally good. In regards to children, deviance does apply to them due to the kind of behaviors they portray outside the normal range of accepted behaviors. Deviance begins to take effect early at a certain age even though the individual may not know its wrong at that time. According to Erikson’s second stage of development, within the eighteenth month through the third year of age, “the child has an opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as he or she learns new skills and right from wrong” (Erikson 1902-1994). Deviance can also be applied to those who don’t understand the difference between right from wrong. For instance, a child who sexually touches him or herself at an earlier age, is exhibiting a type of deviant behavior. The article Sexuality Education for Children and Adolescents also mentions masturbating as a typical toddler behavior that is deemed inappropriate according to the typical behavior of someone of that age group. Additionally, the article states how “United States continues to lead industrialized countries with the highest rates of adolescent pregnancy. Importantly, 88% of births to adolescents 15 to 17 years of age in the United States continued to be unintended” (Breuner and Mattson, 2). This is another type of deviant behavior among children that does not conform to norms. Just about everyone has done something that does not meet the expectation of society, it is part of who we are and is applied to all age groups.

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